Egypt is bounded to the North by the Mediterranean, to the South by the Sudan, to the West by Libya, and to the East by the Red Sea and Israel. The River Nile divides the country unevenly in two, while the Suez Canal provides a third division with the Sinai Peninsula. Beyond the highly cultivated Nile Valley and Delta, a lush green tadpole of land that holds more than 90% of the population, the landscape is mainly flat desert, devoid of vegetation apart from the few oases that have persisted in the once fertile depressions of the Western Desert. Narrow strips are inhabited on the Mediterranean coast and on the African Red Sea coast. The coast south of Suez has fine beaches and the coral reefs just offshore attract many divers. The High Dam at Aswan now controls the annual floods that once put much of the Nile Valley under water; it also provides electricity.
||Arabic is the official language. English and French are widely spoken
||Egyptian Pound (EGP) (1EGP = 8 INR approx.)
||GMT+2 Hrs & IST -3.5 Hrs
|Best Time to Visit
||October to May
With the small exception of its strip of Mediterranean coastline, the whole of Egypt has an arid desert climate. The weather is constantly hot and dry, with blistering heat in the summer months. The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter, between December and February, when temperatures range between 68°F to 79°F
(20 to 26°C).